PYS 215

Epistemology Matrix and Essay
Individual Week 2 PHL/215
February 3, 2015
Instructor:
University of Phoenix Material Epistemology Matrix and EssayPart 1 Matrix:Analyze epistemology in philosophy by completing the following matrix. Provide a definition of the branch of philosophy as given in a philosophical source (the readings, supplemental materials, or outside academic sources) and list a minimum of three historical developments, theories, key contributors, and principal issues. Bullet point answers are acceptable.
Field
DefinitionHistorical Developments
Theories
Key Contributors
Principal Issues
EpistemologyThe study of the nature of knowledge and justification.
(Chaffee., 2013, p. 230).
Epistemology consist of many elements surrounding justified belief such as what constitutes a justified belief; a belief could be justified because certain factors are present, or “what we experience through clusters of sensory impressions” (Moore, Bruder, 2011 pg.129)
From the old Greece
Pre-Socratics observe and seek to define physical phenomena. Socrates studied human behavior and tried to determine the essential nature of knowledge. Aristotle sought to categorize his observations. The Scientific Revolution,
Newtonian influences, Freudian influence.
Copernicus during the
1600’s believed that theoretical knowledge was determined based on past events. Galileo fought with him in separating science from the church. Galileo claimed that individuals should be able to question and investigate matters, which may be false in experience or reason. Galileo did not question the Church to rule in their domain, but in matters which could be shown to be true or false in life’s observations should not be subject to scripture or justified only by scripture.
Skepticism…